PJS India
Water Sanitation
Integrated Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Promotion
A safe and sustainable water supply, basic sanitation and good hygiene are fundamental for a healthy, productive and dignified life. Health & hygiene is dependent on adequate availability of safe drinking water and improved sanitation facility. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper solid & liquid waste management, open defecation near living area and water source and lack of improved personal and food hygiene aggravate the situation a lot and causes 80% of diseases in rural areas of developing countries. In spite of massive investment in the sector, the goal seems very difficult to be achieved due to lack of accountability of service provider, poor mechanism of information, education & communication and absence of community participation. Poor access to water, sanitation and hygiene results in tremendous human and economic costs and rein forces gender and other societal inequalities, most notably for women and girls. Low awareness of hygiene in many rural areas, evidenced by the common practice of open defecation, leads to soil contamination and surface and groundwater pollution.

The Joint Monitoring Program’s 2010 'Progress on Sanitation and Drinking-Water report' estimated that 2.6 billion people do not have access to hygienic sanitation and almost 900 million people do not have access to safe drinking water. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 88 per cent of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. High incidence of vector-borne disease and intestinal disease, in developing countries is strongly correlated with unsanitary practices and the absence of nearby sources of safe drinking water.
It is estimated that only 31% of Indians have access to improved sanitation. And only 88% of Indians have access to improved source of water. Orissa has a population of closed to 37 million of which 86% live in Rural areas(Census 2001).Less than 20% of the rural population of Orissa has access to protected water, less than 1% to piped water supply, and less than 5% to sanitation. Millennium Development Goal (MDG7) Target 7c, aims to halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015, relative to 1990 levels. At the current rate of progress the world is unlikely to meet the target for sanitation.

Improving public health by increasing access to safe water and sanitation is one of the development objectives of PJS programme intervention. Access to clean water and effective sanitation has a catalytic effect on many aspects of human development, being essential for a healthy population and environmental sustainability.

Providing rural community the access to safe water and basic sanitation combined with good hygiene behaviors has been the main focus of PJS to enable the poor and marginalized sections to lead a dignified quality of life and achieve significant economic benefits. PJS has been facilitating the local community to have the access to safe water and basic sanitation those results in the provision of universally accessible facilities. Besides, efforts are on to promote improved hygiene behavior to support the development of increased capacity to ensure hygiene promotion services bring about sustainable behavior change and to create sustainable services.

Our Programme Intervention under Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Open defecation free campaign
SanitationEfforts are on at both soft-ware and hard ware levels like formation and strengthening of Village Water Sanitation Committee (VWSC),Facilitating community organization for water, sanitation & hygiene promotion, Capacity building training on low cost sanitary latrine construction technique, Sensitization of community on improved sanitary practices using community led total sanitation approach, Facilitating advocacy for strengthening service delivery system and increase the accountability of service provider with an intention make the target villages open-air defecation free habitations. Besides, Individual Household Latrines (IHL), School Sanitary Blocks and toilets at anganwadi centers are being installed to give the much needed boost to the campaign.

Solid & Liquid Waste Management System
Rural Sanitation has gained a great momentum since the launch of the Nirmal Gram Puraskar Scheme under the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC). In the last couple of years, a number of GP in our operational area have won the Nirmal Gram Puraskar award for achieving the status of clean/green villages by being free from the practice of “Open defecation”. The benefits of investments in sanitation through the Total Sanitation Campaign and the Nirmal Gram Puraskar are many but the emphasis is on sustaining the pace and momentum of the campaign so that it could have a long term impact on the health profiles and quality of life of our rural population. As we know there is no room for complacency and the time is now ripe to go for a “Sanitation Plus” drive to ensure Holistic Waste Management in every village for bringing sustainability and permanence to the benefits which are now being witnessed from good toilet and personal hygiene practices.

It is an established fact that waste is a severe threat to the public health concern and cleanliness in our villages. Steps are being taken with an overall objective to protect human health and improve quality of life among people living in rural areas, to reduce environment pollution and make rural areas clean, to promote recycling and reuse of both solid and liquid waste and so on.

Training programmes on solid & liquid waste management, demonstration of models, and orientation programmes on benefit of solid and liquid waste management are regularly organized to educate the rural people.

School Sanitation & Hygiene Education Programme
Education ProgramThe absence of safe drinking water and toilets in many primary schools and anganwadi centres of Chandaballi block used to make children fall frequently ill and seriously affect the enrolment and retention of students, especially girls. The PJS in collaboration with Water Aid and DWSM has engaged itself to address sanitation and hygiene education in schools. School sanitation blocks have been built and drinking water has been provided. SSHE programmes are organized at school level to educate the students about how to handle drinking water safely, dispose of wastewater, human excreta and garbage and act as ‘sanitation scouts’ for the community. Involving children as agents of change helped transform the mindset of communities and facilitated the widespread adoption of hygienic practices.

Menstrual Hygiene Education
Education ProgramThe objectives of this programme are to break the silence on Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) by creating awareness on the topic and the impact it has on women and girls, exploring and sharing lessons of the management aspects, promoting integration of MHM in health and hygiene/life orientation strategies, strengthening preventive programmes that promote women‟s sanitary health, undertaking gender sensitive initiatives that address women rights and empowerment issues, and increasing resources and monitoring follow up on MHM.

Hand Washing Campaign
Since its inception in 2008 – which was designated as the International Year of Sanitation by the UN General Assembly – Global Hand Washing Day has been regularly celebrated by PJS to echo and reinforce the call for improved hygiene practices. The practice of hand washing with soap before eating and after using the toilet has to be transformed from an abstract good idea into an automatic behaviour which ought to be performed in homes, schools, and communities as a whole which could save more lives by making a significant contribution to meeting the Millennium Development Goal of reducing deaths among children under the age of five by two-thirds by 2015.

Activities taken up by PJS to celebrate the Global Hand Washing Day are:
- Rally of school children
- Painting competition among school children
- Public meeting
- Door campaigning by volunteers
- Hand washing demonstration at village and schools.
- Street Play (Folk dance on WASH promotion

Community Hygiene Education Programme
Community Hygiene Education ProgrammeA good deal of health measures are being undertaken by the community as a Whole to keep the village safe, clean and disease free which include water source protection, proper disposal of solid waste and excreta, waste water drainage and domestic hygiene. VWSCs play an important role in community hygiene, and have a responsibility to the community to promote good health and a clean environment. For example, everyone in the village must keep their houses and compounds clean, because one dirty house can affect many conscientious neighbours and contribute to the spread of disease. Community leaders and school children are regularly trained and oriented to promote and maintain cleanliness in the village by regularly checking village lanes and surroundings. In a bid to promote hygiene education sincere efforts are under taken for awareness generation among adolescent girl groups, women self help groups on improved hygiene behavior, counseling on improved hygiene behavior through house to house visit.

Access to Safe Drinking Water Facility
As the scale, nature and causes of the rural water and sanitation crisis become apparent, a rights-based approach to these issues is slowly but surely gaining momentum. Water being a primary need, as recognized in the MDGs, forms an integral part of our programme intervention and it has been important for the PJS to adopt a rights-based approach by giving high priority to water in rural areas.To ensure the access to safe drinking water steps are being taken for installation of hand pump, leveraging resource for new hand pump & piped water supply, water quality monitoring, restoration of hand pump, study on sanitary risk assessment and advocacy with Govt. for appropriate measures, hand pump mechanic training and training on water quality monitoring.

Integrated Water Resource Management
Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has been defined by the Technical Committee of the Global Water Partnership (GWP) as "a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems."Since fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life, development and the environment therefore water management should be based on a participatory approach, involving community people with women playing a central part in the provision, management and safeguarding of water. Water is a key driver of economic and social development while it also has a basic function in maintaining the integrity of the natural environment. Therefore, water being the precious and scarce commodity, an integrated approach is being adopted by the community leadership for ensuring distillation of abandoned community tank, roof-top rain water harvesting structure, grey water reuse system, and water recharge structure etc.